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The updated definition includes recognizing any gender of victim and perpetrator and that rape with an object can be as traumatic as penile/vaginal rape.
The bureau further describes instances when the victim is unable to give consent because of mental or physical incapacity.
In 2006, the UN Secretary-General's In-depth study on all forms of violence against women stated that (pg 113): "Marital rape may be prosecuted in at least 104 States.
Of these, 32 have made marital rape a specific criminal offence, while the remaining 74 do not exempt marital rape from general rape provisions.
Serious injuries can result along with the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
A person may face violence or threats from the rapist, and, in some cultures, from the victim's family and relatives.
Lack of consent may result from either forcible compulsion by the perpetrator or an inability to consent on the part of the victim (such as persons who are asleep, intoxicated or otherwise mentally compromised). For instance, in the Philippines, a man commits rape if he engages in sexual intercourse with a woman "By means of fraudulent machination or grave abuse of authority".
It recognizes that a victim can be incapacitated by drugs and alcohol and unable to give valid consent.
The definition does not change federal or state criminal codes or impact charging and prosecution on the federal, state or local level; it rather means that rape will be more accurately reported nationwide.
Some countries or jurisdictions differentiate between rape and sexual assault by defining rape as involving penile penetration of the vagina, or solely penetration involving the penis, while other types of non-consensual sexual activity are called sexual assault.
Victims of rape or sexual assault come from a wide range of genders, ages, sexual orientations, ethnicitities, geographical locations, cultures and degrees of impairment or disability.